Carnival of Oruro Bolivia The Heritage of Humanity
Carnival of Oruro Bolivia
Celebrated in Oruro, the folklore capital of Bolivia, the carnival marks the Ito festival for the Uru people. Is a more than 2000 year old religious celebration that, through creativity, continuity, and ritual, came to constitute a model of "Masterpieces of Oral Heritage and Intangible Heritage of Humanity (UNESCO). The Ito festival was transformed into a Christian ritual, the Virgin of Candelaria (Virgin of Socavón).
Its ceremonies stem from Andean customs, the ancient invocations centreing around Pachamama (Mother Earth, transformed into the Virgin Mary due to Christian syncretism) and Tio Supay (Uncle God of the Mountains, transformed into the Devil). The native Ito ceremonies were stopped in the 17th century by the Spanish, who were ruling the territory of Upper Peru at the time. However, the Uru continued to observe the festival in the form of a Catholic ritual on Candlemas, in the first week of each February.
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